VITRO FERTILIZATION (IVF)

VITRO FERTILIZATION (IVF)

VITRO FERTILIZATION (IVF)

Vitro Fertilization (IVF) literally means ‘fertilization in glass’ in Latin.  This is a procedure where eggs and sperm meet in the Petri Dish in the lab, as opposed to the fallopian tube.  It is a very safe and very effective treatment.  It was initially developed for women that had blocked fallopian tubes, but is now used for many reproductive problems.

IVF is physically very easy.  A woman is given medication to produce multiple eggs, usually around 20 eggs, depending on the woman and the ovulation induction protocol.  The woman’s response to medication is monitored with ultrasounds and blood work.  The ultrasounds measure the size of the follicle (the fluid filled cyst which the egg develops in), as the size of the follicle correlates to the maturity of the egg.  Blood tests are done to measure the hormones which the eggs are producing (estrogen).  The number and size of the follicles and the level of estrogen are evaluated, and the amount of medication may be adjusted so that the eggs develop at a proper rate.  When a cohort of eggs is mature (the follicles measure a certain size which correlates to mature eggs) a medication is given to start the process of ovulation.  This medication, HCG, starts the process where the egg reduces the number of chromosomes from 46 to 23. Two days after HCG the woman has a trans-vaginal oocyte (egg) aspiration.  The woman is under a very light general anesthesia, and using a trans-vaginal ultrasound, with a needle guide attached, the needle is passed through the vaginal wall, into each follicle.  The needle is connected to suction, and the fluid in each follicle is collected in test tubes.  The test tubes are given to the embryologist, where the eggs are identified in the follicular fluid.

While the woman is having the eggs retrieved, her partner produces a specimen.  As it is not unusual for a man to experience performance anxiety, we ask that there is a specimen which has been previously produced and cryopreserved (frozen) available for this unforeseen event.



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